CV vs. Resume: What is the Difference?

RÉSUMÉ /ˈrez.juː.meɪ/ a short statement of the important details of something, a short written description of your education, qualifications, previous jobs, and sometimes also your personal interests, that you send to an employer when you are trying to get a job:
She sent her résumé to 50 companies, but didn't even get an interview.
CURRICULUM VITAE /kəˌrɪk.jə.ləm ˈviː.taɪ/ (plural:curricula vitae)  a short written description of your education, qualifications, previous jobs, and sometimes also your personal interests, which you send to an employer when you are trying to get a job. In the US, curriculum vitae is mostly used when applying for academic teaching jobs; resume or résumé is used for other jobs:
Applicants are invited to send their curriculum vitae and names and addresses of three referees.

What is a curriculum vitae (CV)?
A Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a detailed chronological overview of a person's educational and professional history that is provided as part of a job application. A CV or Curriculum Vitae is a record of your academic and professional achievements. Latin for “course of life,” a CV is often a longer document that goes into detail where a resume doesn’t. A CV is often used to apply for an academic job, research position, grant, or scholarship. The length of a CV is often subject to the applicant’s experience.
Pro Tip: When you hear “CV” in an international context it often means the same thing as “resume” in the United States.

What is a Resume?
A resume is a brief, written account of personal, educational, and professional qualifications and experiences developed for specific job applications.
A resume is a short document (1 -2 pages) that you use to give future employers a brief overview of your work history.
The term resume or “résumé” is a French word that means “to sum up.” And that’s what you use a resume for - to sum up your job-related accomplishments and experience.
Pro Tip: What is the proper spelling - resume or résumé? Both ways are acceptable.

When to use a CV?
A CV should mainly be used when you are trying to change your career and are applying in a different field/industry where you do not have previous work experience.

How long is a CV?

By definition, it is more detailed than a resume. It usually has two or more pages, and it should include in-depth information about your previous achievements, education, professional work experience, personal projects, skills, extracurricular experience, awards, publications, extra courses, volunteer work, etc.

How long is a resume?

By contrast, a resume has fewer content sections, and the preferred length for recruiters is one page. Because of the short format, this means that you need to be selective about the content that is included, prioritizing information relevant to specific positions. Many people find this shorter format challenging.

CV vs Resume - What is the Difference?
In the United States, the main difference between a CV and a resume is the purpose of the documents. You will use a resume when you apply for most jobs. You will use a CV if you want to apply for academic or research positions. Other differences include length, layout, and the information included.

CV vs Resume - Length:
The ideal resume length is one page with a two-page upper limit.
The ideal CV has no page limit. The length of your CV can range from a double-digit page count to a few pages.

CV vs Resume - Layout:
Resumes lead with contact information plus a resume summary or objective. Your education and experience sections come next. Depending on your career progress either can come first. Finally, you add a skills section to your resume and any extra sections you need. If you have little to no work experience, you might want to put your education first. Professionals with work experience will want to lead with their experience section. Make sure you display your information in reverse-chronological order. Start with your most recent job and degree first. A skills section should round out your resume. You can also add your hobbies, which remain an optional addition to most American resumes. You should always tailor your resume to match the information in the job description.
A resume should include jobs, responsibilities, education, and relevant skills.
A resume should not include every job you’ve ever had, plus every skill you’ve learned over the course of your career.

There is no clear layout for a CV. Your best course of action will be to look for examples of CVs. You can use the CVs of people who have applied to similar positions to get an idea of how yours should look.
 Also, use the resources available to you at your university if you’re applying for an academic position. For example, Harvard University’s Office of Career Services provides guidelines for CVs and cover letters.
At the end of the day, a CV should contain as many achievements and details about your work as necessary.
A CV should include your education, work history, skills, publications, public speaking engagements, awards, and interests.
A brief overview of your work experience and education.

How to Write a One-page Resume (5 Tips)
·                    Shorten the number of bullet points in the work experience. Focus firstly on the achievements that start with an action verb and include numbers or percentages.
·                    Remove experience that is older than 10 years if you have more recent work experience.
·                    Remove also the experience that is not related to the job you are applying for at the moment.
·                    Include only your latest and highest level of education. For example, if you have a Master's degree, there is no point to mention the Bachelor degree as well.
·                    Remove the articles: the, a and an and the unnecessary words.

Static versus dynamic content
A resume should always be customized to the requirements of a specific job. The intention with a resume is to provide a snapshot of how your skills and experiences align with the employer’s needs. You need to be selective about content, which could mean omitting outdated work experiences or skills descriptions. Very rarely will you use the same resume to apply for two different positions.

Meanwhile, the contents of a CV are more static. Rather than altering the contents based on the position being applied for, your CV should evolve whenever you have a new experience or accomplishment to add. When applying for a job with a CV, you rely on your cover letter to highlight qualifications that are relevant to the position.

Chronological CV versus reverse chronological resume
A CV will always list information in chronological order under each section. With a resume, recruiters prefer to see your most recent work experience and education first, which means you should write each section in reverse chronological order.

When and Where to Use a CV
The first indication of when you should use a CV will be in the job posting. An employer should list the materials required for your application. However, this may not always be explicit, in which case your best course of action is to contact the employer directly to ask which documents you should submit.

Generally speaking, a CV is the preferred document for job applications in Europe. However, the use of a CV is not limited by geography alone. For example, even in North America, there are certain circumstances where a CV is needed. Many jobs in the public service or academia will require a detailed CV to be submitted as part of a job application.

A CV should also be used when you are trying to change your career and are applying in a different field/industry where you do not have previous work experience.

When and Where to Use a Resume
Again, your first step should be to look at the job posting to see if the employer is asking for a resume or CV. However, if you are applying for a job in North America, it’s more likely that the employer will want you to submit a resume. Of course, it is quite possible that you will also be asked for a resume in Europe, especially if you are applying with a multi-national.

CV vs Resume - What Information Can You Find on Each Document?

Here is an easy checklist of what to include on an American resume:
·                    Contact Information
·                    Work History / Experience
·                    Education
·                    Skills
·                    A Resume Summary or Objective (Optional)
·                    Hobbies and Interests (Optional)

Here is a list of 20 potential things you can include on an academic CV:
1.                 Contact Information + Brief Biography
2.                 Areas of Academic Interest
3.                 Education + Qualifications
4.                 Employment History + Achievements and Responsibilities
5.                 Professional Development Courses + Training
6.                 Teaching Experience
7.                 Research Experience + Lab Experience
8.                 Graduate Fieldwork
9.                 A List of Skills + Technical, Computer, and Language Skills
10.             Professional Licenses and Certifications
11.             Scholarships, Grants, Fellowships, and Assistantships
12.             Study Abroad and International Experiences
13.             Descriptions of Theses and Dissertations
14.             Bibliography + Publications
15.             Presentations, Lectures, and Other Public Speaking Engagements
16.             Exhibitions
17.             Awards and Honors
18.             Memberships
19.             References
20.             Hobbies, Interests, and Related Extracurricular Activities


Curriculum Vitae (CV): longer because it contains more detail; relatively static; written in chronological order; more common in Europe.
Resume: less detail; included content is more dynamic and customized to job requirements; reverse chronological order; preferred choice of employers in Canada and the U.S.
Avoiding confusion between resume and CV usage: Don’t assume that because you are in a particular country or applying with a specific company that you are expected to use a certain document. Review the job application requirements provided by an employer. If it’s still unclear, contact the employer directly so you know if you should submit a resume, CV or both.

V vs Resume - What Do You Use When You Want to Work Abroad?

One thing to keep in mind is that the term “CV” has different meanings outside the US.
In European Union countries, the term “CV” is equal to the American “resume.” So, when you apply for a job in Greece, the UK, or Denmark, your potential employer will ask you for a CV.
And that means they want to see your resume. You can even use the same resume templates and layouts as you would use for your American resume. That’s also true for New Zealand.
One of the significant differences that you may come across is that some EU employers want to see photographs on your CV. For example, in Germany, Poland, Greece, Italy, or Portugal you will want to put your photo on your CV. German and Polish employers expect to see photographs. In Portugal, your picture is more optional. Otherwise, there is not much difference between EU CVs and American resumes. The rule of thumb is to check out CV requirements in the country of your choice. That’s because you’ll find small differences across countries. For example, European employers prefer to see hobbies on a CV, and UK employers expect to see your references. In other parts of the world, the term “CV” keeps its American meaning. For example, an Indian employer may ask you for a CV or a resume. When they request a CV, they want a record of your education, work history, training, accomplishments, activities, affiliations, and publications.

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